The best stable
The best stable - wooden, cut of logs in diameter 20-23 sm it very well holds heat, dry. Brick, which thickness of walls 1,5-2 bricks (width of a laying of 40-45 sm) will approach also. The worse variants of stables - cold and air-tight concrete-block, and also frame-fill. Filling in last case (for example, ceramzit, sawdust) frequently falls off, settles and run out through cracks. Besides in it appear are rodents - mice and rats.
The maintenance in stables shares on:
Abroad is widely practises the maintenance of horses in boxes - individual rooms the area 4х4 m (for a mare with foal or the stud-stallion not less than 4х5 м) with a door outside, and not in a corridor, as in the common stable.
At the individual maintenance in horsebox, boxes or stalls of a horse perfectly remember the "own" habitation, peacefully concern to neighbours and very much are nervous, if get in other conditions, therefore any way to change horses places is unwelcome.
At construction of stables it is necessary to observe the certain rules. It concerns both to a room for one horse, and to the big horse court yard. Stables should settle down on dry places in view of protection against cold northern and western winds. Planning construction of a new stable, it is necessary to take into account various factors. Into their number enter water- and electro-supply, and also an entrance of motor transport. Besides it is preferable to build a stable not far from a house to not tempt thieves.
Horsebox should be big enough that its inhabitant could move in it, fall, to lie down and rise completely freely and safely.
The horse growth 163 and higher should have a horsebox in the sizes, at least, 3,7х4,3 m; a horse up to 163 sm - 3,7х3,7 m and the pony up to 142 sm - 3х3,7 m. The stall in the sizes 2,4х2,4 m is enough for small ponies.
The roof should have a slope and to be equipped effective ebbes and gutters. The ceiling should be high that the horse has not hit a head. If a gable roof - eaves should not be lower than 2,25 m, and ridge 3,7-4,5 m in height. The bottom edge of one-side roof should be not lower than 3 m.
Wooden shock-proof screens not less than 1.2 m in height strengthen durability of a design and increase safety. The floor of a stable should have an easy bias to a back part of a Horsebox (for simplification of a drain) and a firm nonslipping covering. More often for this purpose granular concrete is used. For the best support of legs of it it is possible to lay a path from special rubber. Inside a stable it is better to not arrange waste trenches, as they get littered with a laying and besides can become a trap for a leg of a horse.
With a view of safety the door of a horsebox should be big - at least, 1.2 m at width and 2.1 m in height. It will consist of two half opening outside, and the top half should be fixed reliably in an open condition to provide air circulation and to not prevent a horse, to look at street. Very seldom weather happens so cold, that it is necessary to close the top half of door. The bottom half should be densely upholstered on the top edge with the metal strip protecting it from horse teeth, and to be closed on a latch in the top part and on a lock below.
Being in a stable, the horse requires constant inflow of fresh air, therefore it is necessary to pay special attention to ventilation. It is enough open half of door and high roof for this purpose. But it is necessary to remember, that the horse fatally is afraid of drafts. For protection against them the windows, assisting to ventilate and shine a stable, settle down on the same side, as an entry. At desire to receive there is more than light and air these windows it is necessary to place so that they were not covered with open entrance doors, than many stables suffer. Windows should be provided with protective lattices. For additional ventilation it is possible to establish ventilating casings on a roof or vent pipes on eaves. As an additional light source the window opposite to a door can serve. If it too is used for ventilation, should settle down above a head of a horse to avoid cross drafts.